This article challenges the models the normative liberal models and  frameworks suggest for development in the global south. The article explores the possible dangers that maybe sustained if the Global south do not question these models, thier inherent agenda and to what end they are proposed and many times imposed on the south. The article draws on insights from Mowles article and Devlopment according to Chambers is good change and from its onset the concept has been exposed to contestation on what for instance good change is, whose vision and who determines this good change. As a historical process, the developped North having undergone the industrial revolution suggested that for other parts to develop, the process of industrialisation must be emulated. This however had many challenges bearing in mind, the colonisation and scramble wherein resource places of AFRICA  fell under patronage of the "developped world". Africa is yet to recover from the ills if at all possible. In order to ameliorate this vision, the tide of poverty eraduction came to the fore front with player- with the burden of structural adjustment programmes that sunk the continent to debt. As if that was not enough, Africa is at again, with the new Public Management sustem that pushed the nicely caricatured visions of miracles privatisation can do- demanding that governments reduce thier role in service provision. I would not go into detail what harm this has caused but to say the least, current unemployment, death due to manageable and preventable diseases, low literacy bear greatly on all these imposed models of development. 

However, there is hope all is not lost. Even the less powerful can have and have agency. In his article Mowles, C 2010 (post-foundational development management-power, politics and complexity) argues that develoment management should rely less on systems and on creating models of what should be. However the assumption in his article is that models will inevitably be created in the image of the North, which perharps doesnt give enough credit to the role of contestation, agency and innovation in the south as well as marginalised populations of the North. Whilst power relations can be manifested in many different ways, processes of learning and reshaping constantly inform and are informed by others' agency-which is one of the reasons that development processes do not turn out as expected. 

Uganda was recently rated as the home of the entreprenural countries (https://www.theguardian.com/global-development-professionals-network/2016/feb/16/uganda-is-a-land-of-entrepreneurs-but-how-many-startups-survive) and many other Agencies have undertake reseearch on this trend. How this is sustained is in the hands of the peolpe- allowing for them to determine what development means for them and what models they can build. Innovation in this case would mean designing new models, structures that are culture and contest specific that will increase efficiency and effectiveness. 

 However, it is  a long ride because the stakes are high, while we are still grappling with effects of neo-liberalisims and the scrumble we now have to deal with the Invasion of China who are selling anything saleable and facilitated by the Governement as big investors.  Finally it is not a straight line, turning back and paving own path is enlightment