LED strip lights (also known as LED strips or strip lights) are flexible circuit boards consisting of surface mount light emitting diodes (SMD LEDs) and other components typically with backing. Traditionally, strip lights have only been used in accent lighting, backlighting, task lighting and decorative lighting applications. Higher luminous efficiency and higher power SMD enable LED strip lights to be used in applications such as high brightness task lighting, replacement of fluorescent and halogen lighting fixtures, indirect lighting applications, UV inspection during manufacturing, set and Fashion design, even growing plants.


The variables for strip lighting include water resistance, color, adhesive, SMD selection, drive voltage, control type and whether it is a constant current or a constant voltage layout.

Uncoated LED tape is not considered to have any water resistance, but due to some physical water resistance, its rating can be rated as IP20. This tape usually has a low voltage and is safe for skin contact, but is short-circuited by tiny metal objects. The waterproof strip illuminator is covered with a thermally conductive epoxy or silicone to prevent direct electrical contact with the water, and is rated to IP65, IP67 or a suitable sealed connection IP68. Both coated and uncoated LED tapes have a double-sided adhesive backing that can be applied to walls, desks, doors, and the like.

The most common design difference is the way each LED is controlled, especially the color difference and whether each LED is addressable.

 

Monochrome, not addressable: each LED on the string is monochromatic, usually between 2200K and 6500K

Related white color temperature
Color temperature or any of several monochromatic colors covering the visible spectral range (typically in the 400-700 nm wavelength range).

Dynamically adjustable white, not addressable: Allows the user to adjust the color temperature of the single light with the output. They are made of alternating LEDs with different color temperatures, so half of the LEDs have a lower color temperature and the other half have a higher color temperature, allowing the strip to produce any particular color temperature between the two color temperatures of the LED.


Multi-color, non-addressable: Each LED can display red, green, blue or all three (white) driven by three input rails. All LEDs can display the same color at any time, but the color can be controlled by varying the voltage applied to each of the three power inputs.
RGB, addressable: multiple colors and addresses. Each LED has its own chip, which means they can be individually triggered for chasing, strobeing and discoloration.

 

The LED strip design can be filled with many different types of SMDs, not only with different colors, addressable or non-addressable SMDs, but also with different shapes, sizes and power levels. The most common types of SMD are: 3528, monochrome, non-addressable, very low power consumption; 5050, contains three LEDs that allow RGB and addressable strips and higher power levels; 2835, an updated monochrome SMD, with the same surface dimensions as the 3528, but with a larger emitter area, a thinner design, and an integrated heatsink for higher power; the 5630/5730 is an updated replacement for the monochrome 5050 SMD. The monochrome SMD can operate at higher power levels and is highly efficient. Less common designs may have 3014, 4014, 7020, 8020 or other SMDs. In addition to the LED SMD type, the number of LEDs per foot (or per meter) is also an important factor in determining overall power and brightness.

 

The LED strip design can be filled with many different types of SMDs, not only with different colors, addressable or non-addressable SMDs, but also with different shapes, sizes and power levels. The most common types of SMD are: 3528, monochrome, non-addressable, very low power consumption; 5050, contains three LEDs that allow RGB and addressable strips and higher power levels; 2835, an updated monochrome SMD, with the same surface dimensions as the 3528, but with a larger emitter area, a thinner design, and an integrated heatsink for higher power; the 5630/5730 is an updated replacement for the monochrome 5050 SMD. The monochrome SMD can operate at higher power levels and is highly efficient. Less common designs may have 3014, 4014, 7020, 8020 or other SMDs. In addition to the LED SMD type, the number of LEDs per foot (or per meter) is also an important factor in determining overall power and brightness. [5]

LED strips typically operate at 12 or 24 volts DC from a power source (sometimes referred to as a driver). The USB strip operates on a standard 5 volt DC power used by USB devices. Mains voltage LED strips are also available. They have the advantage of being able to be used in longer single runs without a drop in brightness along the length, but due to the higher voltage and current ratings and thick coatings for high shock protection and high IP protection Grade (in the expected outdoor position) results in flexibility and light weight, limited cut point. Although there must be a rectifier between the mains and the end of the LED strip, a separate power source is not required. The most common PCB design uses multiple parallel circuits consisting of passive step-down resistors in series with a number of LEDs SMD that operate at the desired input voltage with a certain current and power. This design is known as a constant voltage and is very sensitive to subtle changes in the input voltage and the voltage drop across the strip as it is driven from a single power input. Another design is a "constant current" design in which each parallel circuit of several SMDs includes a small integrated circuit to provide a fixed current to the set of LEDs over a wide range of applied voltages. This allows the strip to operate at the same power level and brightness over its entire length, or with some variation in the driver voltage.

Any customization requires an LED controller to adjust brightness, color or individual LED activity. This can be done with the included controller or with a microcontroller.

“Neon” or “flex” LED tape refers to an LED tape constructed in the form of a simulated neon. The LED tape is embedded in the side of the silicone-filled plastic C-channel; the silicone diffuses both the light from the LED tape and the side that is at an angle of 90 degrees to the direction the SMD LED faces. This design allows the illumination to be bent in the opposite direction of the normal LED strip, allowing you to spell words and create pictures, just like neon lights.

Ninghai Haohua Company   is a professional      LED Decorative Light Manufacturer   in China. We have a strong R&D team that can develop and produce products based on drawings or samples provided by customers. Our products comply with international CE and ROHS standards and are mainly exported to Europe, the United States, Australia and other countries.

For details, please visit https://www.nhhx.net