A dissertation is an academic paper based on the research work of the students. Mostly, it is required for the graduate and post-graduate degree depending on your field. It has to get reviewed by your instructors and supervisor. Therefore, it is important to follow a standard dissertation layout. A layout increases the readability of your dissertation. It can be divided into different chapters to organize the dissertation. It is very important to structure and organize the dissertation to give a better understanding to your reader. A standard dissertation layout is consisting of 5 chapters that we will be discussed in a while.


Apart from the 5 chapters, there are also some other important elements of the dissertation layout. Some of them need to be added at the start of the dissertation and some of them need to be added at the end of the dissertation. You have to add the title page, acknowledgements, abstract and table of the content in the respective sequence before the start of Chapter 1 of the dissertation. On the other hand, you need to add the references list and appendices in the respective order after the last chapter of the dissertation.


Let us now discuss 5 chapters of a standard dissertation layout:

1.    Introduction

The introduction chapter of the dissertation layout provides the background of the topic. PhD dissertation writing services said that it gradually introduces the topic and context of the dissertation. It is just like preparing the ground for a match. You provide the initial details of the topic to the reader. It entails all the required information to understand the dissertation


Moreover, you define the scope of your topic in the Introduction chapter. You tell the reader that what aspects of topics you will be focusing on in the dissertation. It is recommended to select a topic with a narrow scope so that you can focus on it properly.


In addition, you explain the objective and aims of your research. You introduce the research question in this chapter of the dissertation layout.


You also need to provide the dissertation layout in the Introduction chapter of your dissertation. In the end, you will briefly explain each chapter and then move on to the next chapter.


2.    Literature Review

The literature review is one of the most important chapters of the dissertation layout. In this chapter, you will include the literature relevant to your topic. It must be ensured to collect authentic and reliable literature. Therefore, you have to evaluate the sources of your information.


This chapter is an important part of the report as it has further described the ideas and concepts of already existing relevant studies. You discuss some issues in detail to keep up with the aims and objectives of this research.


3.    Research Design and Methods

The chapter Research design and methods of dissertation layout contain research methodology and technique, which are employed to carry out this research. This chapter has the process and procedure followed for this particular research, which involved the collection of data, the data techniques analysis that was used to evaluate the results. The chapter encompasses the exploration philosophy, the research approach, and the research method.


There are three major types of research philosophies including positivism, pragmatism and interpretivism. Positivism deals with research based on experiments or evidence which can be later on supported by all the attained experimental values and observations. Pragmatisms is one of the research philosophies which relies on a practical approach to enhance the learning and behavioural experience of the researcher. Whereas, interpretivism deals with learning by inferring the collected information to draw some conclusion. Observation and data collection are key ingredients of interpretivist.


Research design is the structure that solves the research question using empirical data. There are two types of research design namely qualitative research and quantitative research. In primary qualitative research, the researcher gets involved directly to collect non-numerical data by using different tools. These tools can be in the shape of observations, surveys, focus groups, interviews, experiments and mixed methods. While the secondary qualitative research is carried out by relying on the existing external and internal sources. The relevant data is extracted by a thorough study of prevailing research studies and reports.


Research methods are the approaches, methods, and processes applied in the data gathering and fact exploration to discover new data or make improved comprehension of the subject. The three fundamental methods of conducting scholarly research are qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-method approach.


4.    Findings

This chapter of the dissertation layout converses key points and findings, extracted from the research conducted in the chapter of research design and methods. It provides the data and evidence to support the thesis statement of the research. It critically analyses the case studies to figure out the supporting arguments.


You incorporate the results obtained from quantitative research and qualitative research in this chapter. Consequently, you will relate these results to the hypotheses or research questions of your dissertation. You can present your research results statistically.


5.    Conclusion and Recommendation

The conclusion and recommendation is the last chapter of the dissertation layout. It answers the main research questions of your research topic. You can add in this chapter that to what extent the results of your research match your expectation. You can also talk about the most unanticipated findings of your research in this section. It must be kept in mind that you cannot add any new data or interpretations in this chapter of the dissertation. Furthermore, this chapter provides various recommendations from the available information, which is already discussed in this research. Moreover, how this research will be used in the future and become a source of help for other studies is also part of this chapter.